Fourmilab home page

My Trip to CERN  (Source, Mick Storr's office door, R006, in CERN building 33)

April 22nd, 2013

Back     Contents     Next

Accelerator Technologies Laboratory

CERN 2013 gallery image L032.jpg

2013-04-22 10:04 UTC Click images for reduced size.

The Accelerator Technologies Laboratory is unusual among CERN facilities in that it is open to the general public. You don't need to arrange a tour—just show up during business hours, walk in, and stay out of areas marked forbidden to visitors. This is where the heavy metal of the LHC was developed and tested, and continues to qualify components and develop upgrades. If you don't have a knowledgeable guide or haven't read up in advance on the components of the LHC, many of these amazing machines may be a mystery to you, but even so it's inspiring to know that humans have invented and built them in the quest to understand nature at its most fundamental level.

CERN 2013 gallery image L033.jpg

2013-04-22 10:05 UTC

This is a big facility; note the bicycles for getting around.

CERN 2013 gallery image L034.jpg

2013-04-22 10:05 UTC

CERN 2013 gallery image L035.jpg

2013-04-22 10:06 UTC

CERN 2013 gallery image L036.jpg

2013-04-22 10:06 UTC

I believe this is a segment of Linac4, being developed to replace the current Linac 2, which performs the initial acceleration of protons bound for the LHC. When it goes into service, it will allow increasing the luminosity (collision rate) of the LHC.

CERN 2013 gallery image L037.jpg

2013-04-22 10:07 UTC

This also appears be a component of Linac4.

CERN 2013 gallery image L038.jpg

2013-04-22 10:46 UTC

Just sayin'.

CERN 2013 gallery image L039.jpg

2013-04-22 10:07 UTC

CERN 2013 gallery image L040.jpg

2013-04-22 10:08 UTC

A section of the LHC tube reveals its inner structure. Note how the magnet encloses the two beam pipes at the centre, assuring that protons travelling in opposite directions are uniformly deflected.

CERN 2013 gallery image L041.jpg

2013-04-22 10:12 UTC

A face-on view of the tube shows the symmetrical magnet structure enclosing the beam pipes.

CERN 2013 gallery image L042.jpg

2013-04-22 10:13 UTC

In addition to the main magnets, which steer the beam around the LHC ring, a variety of magnets, shown here, form the beams so they arrive precisely at the interaction points with maximum density.

CERN 2013 gallery image L043.jpg

2013-04-22 10:16 UTC

High-temperature superconductor current feeds, chilled with liquid nitrogen, supply current to the ring. This is a cross-section of a 13,000 ampere feed. Are superconductors cool, or what?

CERN 2013 gallery image L044.jpg

2013-04-22 10:20 UTC

This is an end view of an LHC ring segment. This is a fully functional spare which could be installed should a segment fail. In the centre are the two beam tubes. Cooling and electrical feeds occupy the periphery.

CERN 2013 gallery image L045.jpg

2013-04-22 10:22 UTC

An oblique view shows the scale of this tube. There are a total of 1232 of these 15 metre dipole magnets in the LHC ring. along with 392 5–7 metre long quadrupole magnets which focus the beam.

CERN 2013 gallery image L046.jpg

2013-04-22 10:23 UTC

This cut-away view shows the junction between two sections of LHC tube. These connections must accommodate the transition between room temperature and the 1.9°K operating temperature of the accelerator, and hence incorporate intricate expansion joints.

CERN 2013 gallery image L047.jpg

2013-04-22 10:23 UTC

This model illustrates one of the notorious splices which led to the September 19th, 2008 quench incident, which vented six tonnes of liquid helium into the tunnel and damaged over 50 superconducting magnets. It was more than a year before the LHC was repaired and could resume operations. In engineering on this scale, and at such extremes of energy and temperature, attention to even the most mundane of details is essential.

CERN 2013 gallery image L048.jpg

2013-04-22 10:25 UTC

The eight sectors of the LHC are separated by isolation valves like this one. They allow taking a sector offline, storing its liquid helium coolant in dewars outside the accelerator, and bringing the beam tube up to ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure for maintenance while maintaining the vacuum and cryogenic temperature of adjacent sectors. This valve is a wonder to watch operate—words fail to describe it.

CERN 2013 gallery image L049.jpg

2013-04-22 10:23 UTC

These bays allow component testing of sections of the beam pipe and magnets. Each section in the accelerator was tested here before being installed in the tunnel.

CERN 2013 gallery image L050.jpg

2013-04-22 10:24 UTC

by John Walker
May 12th, 2013
  Back     Contents     Next

This document is in the public domain.