The Hebrew Multimode Font


Introduction

Machine readable Hebrew documents have, over the years, employed numerous mechanisms to express Hebrew letters in 7- or 8-bit character codes. Some, intended for scholarly texts, include complete mark-up for vowels, accents, and punctuation, while others, used for electronic mail, news, and Web documents, embed a minimal Hebrew font somewhere in the upper 128 characters of an 8-bit ISO font, preserving the 7-bit ASCII characters to maintain compatibility with documents using that set.

Upon encountering a Hebrew document on the Web or on a file server, one must first determine which encoding it uses, and then, if the code differs from that of one's own system, either translate it to a compatible code or else obtain a font which correctly displays the document. The Hebrew Multimode Font is a TrueType font which attempts to correctly display Hebrew documents in three of the most widely-encountered encodings. In addition, it contains variant forms absent in some encodings, allowing them to be added to documents where appropriate. The ASCII numerals are included, but no attempt is made to preserve the balance of the ASCII set; this font is, therefore, usable only in environments in which it can be applied exclusively to text known to be Hebrew. This font is also intended to serve as raw material for the production of Portable Font Resource (.pfr) files used by the Dynamic Font extensions to HTML for multilingual Web documents. The on-line Hebrew Bible at this site is an example of such a document, and the accompanying help file explains the issues involved in using dynamic fonts in more detail.

The Hebrew Multimode font is in the public domain and can be downloaded from the links at the bottom of this document.

Font Map

The following table is a detailed map of the Hebrew Multimode font. Column headings and character set codes are explained at the foot of the table. If your Web brower does not support dynamic fonts, you will not see Hebrew characters in the "Font Char" column; instead you'll see the same character as in the "ISO Char" column to its left.

ISO Char Font Char Decimal Hex Octal Set Unicode Unicode Name(s)
    32 20 040 ISO 0020 SPACE
! ! 33 21 041 ISO 0021 EXCLAMATION MARK
" " 34 22 042 ISO 05F4 HEBREW PUNCTUATION GERSHAYIM
# # 35 23 043 MC 05E9 HEBREW LETTER SHIN
$ $ 36 24 044 MC 05E9+05C1 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT
% % 37 25 045      
& & 38 26 046 MC 05E9+05C2 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SIN DOT
' ' 39 27 047 ISO 05F3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION GERESH
( ( 40 28 050 MC 05E2 HEBREW LETTER AYIN
) ) 41 29 051 MC 05D0 HEBREW LETTER ALEF
* * 42 2A 052 ISO 002A ASTERISK
+ + 43 2B 053 MC 05D8 HEBREW LETTER TET
, , 44 2C 054 ISO 002C COMMA
- - 45 2D 055 ISO 05BE HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
. . 46 2E 056 ISO 002E FULL STOP
/ / 47 2F 057 ISO 002E SOLIDUS
0 0 48 30 060 ISO 0030 DIGIT ZERO
1 1 49 31 061 ISO 0031 DIGIT ONE
2 2 50 32 062 ISO 0032 DIGIT TWO
3 3 51 33 063 ISO 0033 DIGIT THREE
4 4 52 34 064 ISO 0034 DIGIT FOUR
5 5 53 35 065 ISO 0035 DIGIT FIVE
6 6 54 36 066 ISO 0036 DIGIT SIX
7 7 55 37 067 ISO 0037 DIGIT SEVEN
8 8 56 38 070 ISO 0038 DIGIT EIGHT
9 9 57 39 071 ISO 0039 DIGIT NINE
: : 58 3A 072 ISO 05C3 HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
; ; 59 3B 073 ISO 003B SEMICOLON
< < 60 3C 074      
= = 61 3D 075 ISO 003D EQUALS SIGN
> > 62 3E 076      
? ? 63 3F 077 ISO 003F QUESTION MARK
@ @ 64 40 100      
A A 65 41 101 MC 05B7 HEBREW POINT PATAH
B B 66 42 102 MC 05D1 HEBREW LETTER BET
C C 67 43 103 MC 05E6 HEBREW LETTER TSADI
D D 68 44 104 MC 05D3 HEBREW LETTER DALET
E E 69 45 105 MC 05B6 HEBREW POINT SEGOL
F F 70 46 106 MC 05B8 HEBREW POINT QAMATS
G G 71 47 107 MC 05D2 HEBREW LETTER GIMEL
H H 72 48 110 MC 05D4 HEBREW LETTER HE
I I 73 49 111 MC 05B4 HEBREW POINT HIRIQ
J J 74 4A 112      
K K 75 4B 113 MC 05DB HEBREW LETTER KAF
L L 76 4C 114 MC 05DC HEBREW LETTER LAMED
M M 77 4D 115 MC 05DE HEBREW LETTER MEM
N N 78 4E 116 MC 05E0 HEBREW LETTER NUN
O O 79 4F 117 MC 05B9 HEBREW POINT HOLAM
P P 80 50 120 MC 05E4 HEBREW LETTER PE
Q Q 81 51 121 MC 05E7 HEBREW LETTER QOF
R R 82 52 122 MC 05E8 HEBREW LETTER RESH
S S 83 53 123 MC 05E1 HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH
T T 84 54 124 MC 05EA HEBREW LETTER TAV
U U 85 55 125 MC 05BB HEBREW POINT QUBUTS
V V 86 56 126      
W W 87 57 127 MC 05D5 HEBREW LETTER VAV
X X 88 58 130 MC 05D7 HEBREW LETTER HET
Y Y 89 59 131 MC 05D9 HEBREW LETTER YOD
Z Z 90 5A 132 MC 05D6 HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN
[ [ 91 5B 133 ISO 005B LEFT SQUARE BRACKET
\ \ 92 5C 134      
] ] 93 5D 135 ISO 005B RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET
^ ^ 94 5E 136      
_ _ 95 5F 137      
` ` 96 60 140      
a a 97 61 141 MC/X 05B2 HEBREW POINT HATAF PATAH
b b 98 62 142      
c c 99 63 143 MC/X 05E5 HEBREW LETTER FINAL TSADI
d d 100 64 144      
e e 101 65 145 MC/X 05B1 HEBREW POINT HATAF SEGOL
f f 102 66 146 MC/X 05B3 HEBREW POINT HATAF QAMATS
g g 103 67 147      
h h 104 68 150      
i i 105 69 151      
j j 106 6A 152      
k k 107 6B 153 MC/X 05DA HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF
l l 108 6C 154      
m m 109 6D 155 MC/X 05DD HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEM
n n 110 6E 156 MC/X 05DF HEBREW LETTER FINAL NUN
o o 111 6F 157      
p p 112 70 160 MC/X 05E3 HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE
q q 113 71 161      
r r 114 72 162      
s s 115 73 163      
t t 116 74 164      
u u 117 75 165      
v v 118 76 166      
w w 119 77 167      
x x 120 78 170      
y y 121 79 171      
z z 122 7A 172      
{ { 123 7B 173      
| { 124 7C 174      
} { 125 7D 175      
_ { 126 7E 176      
  { 127 7F 177      
  128 80 200 DH 05D0 HEBREW LETTER ALEF
  129 81 201 DH 05D1 HEBREW LETTER BET
  130 82 202 DH 05D2 HEBREW LETTER GIMEL
  131 83 203 DH 05D3 HEBREW LETTER DALET
  132 84 204 DH 05D4 HEBREW LETTER HE
  133 85 205 DH 05D5 HEBREW LETTER VAV
  134 86 206 DH 05D6 HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN
  135 87 207 DH 05D7 HEBREW LETTER HET
  136 88 210 DH 05D8 HEBREW LETTER TET
  137 89 211 DH 05D9 HEBREW LETTER YOD
  138 8A 212 DH 05DA HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF
  139 8B 213 DH 05DB HEBREW LETTER KAF
  140 8C 214 DH 05DC HEBREW LETTER LAMED
  141 8D 215 DH 05DD HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEM
  142 8E 216 DH 05DE HEBREW LETTER MEM
  143 8F 217 DH 05DF HEBREW LETTER FINAL NUN
  144 90 220 DH 05E0 HEBREW LETTER NUN
  145 91 221 DH 05E1 HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH
  146 92 222 DH 05E2 HEBREW LETTER AYIN
  147 93 223 DH 05E3 HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE
  148 94 224 DH 05E4 HEBREW LETTER PE
  149 95 225 DH 05E5 HEBREW LETTER FINAL TSADI
  150 96 226 DH 05E6 HEBREW LETTER TSADI
  151 97 227 DH 05E7 HEBREW LETTER QOF
  152 98 230 DH 05E8 HEBREW LETTER RESH
  153 99 231 DH 05E9 HEBREW LETTER SHIN
  154 9A 232 DH 05EA HEBREW LETTER TAV
  155 9B 233 DH/X 05E9+05C2 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SIN DOT
  156 9C 234 DH/X 05E9+05C1 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT
  157 9D 235      
  158 9E 236      
  159 9F 237      
  160 A0 240 ISO 00A0 NO-BREAK SPACE
161 A1 241      
162 A2 242      
163 A3 243      
164 A4 244      
165 A5 245      
166 A6 246      
167 A7 247      
168 A8 250      
169 A9 251      
170 AA 252      
171 AB 253      
172 AC 254      
173 AD 255      
174 AE 256      
175 AF 257      
176 B0 260 Ext 05B0 HEBREW POINT SHEVA
177 B1 261 Ext 05B1 HEBREW POINT HATAF SEGOL
178 B2 262 Ext 05B2 HEBREW POINT HATAF PATAH
179 B3 263 Ext 05B3 HEBREW POINT HATAF QAMATS
180 B4 264 Ext 05B4 HEBREW POINT HIRIQ
181 B5 265 Ext 05B5 HEBREW POINT TSERE
182 B6 266 Ext 05B6 HEBREW POINT SEGOL
183 B7 267 Ext 05B7 HEBREW POINT PATAH
184 B8 270 Ext 05B8 HEBREW POINT QAMATS
185 B9 271 Ext 05B9 HEBREW POINT HOLAM
186 BA 272 Ext 05C1 HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT
187 BB 273 Ext 05BB HEBREW POINT QUBUTS
188 BC 274      
189 BD 275      
190 BE 276      
191 BF 277      
192 C0 300      
193 C1 301 WH/X 05D1+05BC HEBREW LETTER BET + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
194 C2 302 WH/X 05D2+05BC HEBREW LETTER GIMEL + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
195 C3 303 WH/X 05D3+05BC HEBREW LETTER DALET + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
196 C4 304 WH/X 05D4+05BC HEBREW LETTER HE + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
197 C5 305 WH/X 05D5+05BC HEBREW LETTER VAV + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
198 C6 306 WH/X 05D6+05BC HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
199 C7 307      
200 C8 310 WH/X 05D8+05BC HEBREW LETTER TET + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
201 C9 311 WH/X 05D9+05BC HEBREW LETTER YOD + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
202 CA 312 WH/X 05DA+05BC HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
203 CB 313 WH/X 05DB+05BC HEBREW LETTER KAF + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
204 CC 314 WH/X 05DC+05BC HEBREW LETTER LAMED + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
205 CD 315      
206 CE 316 WH/X 05DE+05BC HEBREW LETTER MEM + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
207 CF 317      
208 D0 320 WH/X 05E0+05BC HEBREW LETTER NUN + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
209 D1 321 WH/X 05E1+05BC HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
210 D2 322      
211 D3 323      
212 D4 324 WH/X 05E4+05BC HEBREW LETTER PE + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
213 D5 325      
214 D6 326 WH/X 05E6+05BC HEBREW LETTER TSADI + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
215 D7 327 WH/X 05E7+05BC HEBREW LETTER QOF + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
216 D8 330 WH/X 05E8+05BC HEBREW LETTER RESH + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
217 D9 331 WH/X 05E9+05BC HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
218 DA 332 WH/X 05EA+05BC HEBREW LETTER TAV + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
219 DB 333 WH/X 05E9+05C2+05BC HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SIN DOT + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
220 DC 334 WH/X 05E9+05C1+05BC HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT + HEBREW POINT DAGESH
221 DD 335      
222 DE 336      
223 DF 337      
224 E0 340 WH 05D0 HEBREW LETTER ALEF
225 E1 341 WH 05D1 HEBREW LETTER BET
226 E2 342 WH 05D2 HEBREW LETTER GIMEL
227 E3 343 WH 05D3 HEBREW LETTER DALET
228 E4 344 WH 05D4 HEBREW LETTER HE
229 E5 345 WH 05D5 HEBREW LETTER VAV
230 E6 346 WH 05D6 HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN
231 E7 347 WH 05D7 HEBREW LETTER HET
232 E8 350 WH 05D8 HEBREW LETTER TET
233 E9 351 WH 05D9 HEBREW LETTER YOD
234 EA 352 WH 05DA HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF
235 EB 353 WH 05DB HEBREW LETTER KAF
236 EC 354 WH 05DC HEBREW LETTER LAMED
237 ED 355 WH 05DD HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEM
238 EE 356 WH 05DE HEBREW LETTER MEM
239 EF 357 WH 05DF HEBREW LETTER FINAL NUN
240 F0 360 WH 05E0 HEBREW LETTER NUN
241 F1 361 WH 05E1 HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH
242 F2 362 WH 05E2 HEBREW LETTER AYIN
243 F3 363 WH 05E3 HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE
244 F4 364 WH 05E4 HEBREW LETTER PE
245 F5 365 WH 05E5 HEBREW LETTER FINAL TSADI
246 F6 366 WH 05E6 HEBREW LETTER TSADI
247 F7 367 WH 05E7 HEBREW LETTER QOF
248 F8 370 WH 05E8 HEBREW LETTER RESH
249 F9 371 WH 05E9 HEBREW LETTER SHIN
250 FA 372 WH 05EA HEBREW LETTER TAV
251 FB 373 WH/X 05E9+05C2 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SIN DOT
252 FC 374 WH/X 05E9+05C1 HEBREW LETTER SHIN + HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT
253 FD 375      
254 FE 376      
255 FF 377      

ISO Char
ISO 8859-1 character for this character position.

Font Char
Corresponding glyph in the Hebrew Multimode font.

Decimal
Decimal character code.

Hex
Hexadecimal character code.

Octal
Octal character code.

Set
Subset of the font to which this character belongs, as follows:

ISO
Characters identical or substantially identical to their ISO 8859-1 Latin-1 definition.

MC
Characters encoded according to the Michigan Claremont transliteration scheme.

MC/X
Upward-compatible extensions to the Michigan Claremont scheme to represent final forms and additional points by lower case letters.

WH
Web Hebrew encoded from 0xE0 through 0xFA.

WH/X
Extension to Web Hebrew to include Sin and Shin as distinguished characters at 0xFB and 0xFC, and dageth forms of all characters for which such a form exists in the range 0xC1 through 0xDC.

DH
Replication of Web Hebrew in the range 0x80 through 0x9A for compatibility with MS-DOS files which use that page.

DH/X
Distinct Sin and Shin at 0x9B and 0x9C.

Ext
Vowel points encoded as in Unicode range 05B0 to 05BB.

Unicode
Hexadecimal code for this character in the 16-bit Unicode character set. If the character is a composite of more than one Unicode character, each component is listed, separated by plus signs.

Unicode Name(s)
Official Unicode name for the character, or each of its components for composite characters. Names are as defined in the Unicode standard, and follow the convention of being written in upper case letters. If a character has one or more names or variant spelling, the first name given in the standard is used.

Download

Download TrueType Hebrew Multimode font: hebrewmm.zip

This is a ZIPped archive containing the Hebrew Multimode font in the file hebrewmm.ttf. Follow your operating system's instructions to install this font on your system.

Download PostScript Hebrew Multimode reference card: hebmmref.zip

This ZIPped archive contains a single page chart of the Hebrew Multimode font in a ready-to-print PostScript file, hebmmref.ps. If you have a PostScript printer, printing this file will make a handy reference for using the font. You do not need to have the Hebrew Multimode font installed to print this document--it is entirely self-contained.

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